Seminar

The Seminar on diffeology and related topics is held monthly more or less. Check this web site for the next one. Each talk in the seminar will last approximately 1-1.5 hours, together with 0.5 hour discussion afterwards. A reminder will be sent to everybody who asks to be on the mailing list (send us an email), one or two day before the seminar. The time is announced in Greenwich Mean Time, use the GMT tool to convert it to your time zone.

Next Talks

🔊 Darío Alatorre (Instituto de Matemáticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
When: Friday July 26, 2024 — 13:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: A diffeological approach to the study of tiling spaces
Abstract: A tiling space is a space that contains every tiling that can be constructed from a given set of tiles. Spaces of this kind turn out to be metric spaces similar to solenoids and some of their dynamical and topological properties are known. 
In this work we study these spaces in the diffeological context. We prove some basic diffeological properties and analyze two different fiber bundle structures of tiling spaces over the irrational torus. We use the diffeological classification of irrational tori which captures their arithmetical escence in order to inherit the diffeological equivalence in the context of tiling spaces.
(Joint work with Diego Rodríguez-Guzmán)

🔊 Patrick Iglesias-Zemmour (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
When: Friday October 4th, 2024 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: What a symplectic diffeological space is?
Abstract: I will discuss the generalisation of the concept of symplectic space in diffeology. A few different and non-compatible approaches give non-compatible definitions that coincide for manifolds but no more for arbitrary diffeological spaces. I will illustrate the different situations with some examples including orbifolds and also in infinite dimension.

Last Talks

Atsushi Yamaguchi (Osaka Metropolitan University)
When: Friday June 14, 2024 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: A theory of plots.
Abstract: The notion of plots in diffeology has an easy generalization by replacing the Grothendieck site \((O,E)\) of open sets of Euclidean spaces and open embeddings by a general Grothendieck site \((C,J)\) and the forgetful functor \(U\) from \(O\) to the category of sets by a set valued functor \(F\) defined on \(C\). Here, we denote by \(P((C,J);F)\) the category of plots associated with \((C,J)\) and \(F\). In this talk, we survey some properties of \(P((C,J);F)\). We first observe that \(P((C,J),F)\) is a bifibered category over the category of sets whose inverse image functor is defined from “induction” and direct image functor is defined from “subduction”. It can be shown that \(P((C,J);F)\) is a quasi-topos, namely it is (finitely) complete and cocomplete, locally cartesian closed and has a strong subobject classifier. If we are given two Grothendieck sites \((C,J), (C’,J’)\) and a functor \(T\) from \(C’\) to \(C\) which preserves coverings, a functor from \(P((C,J);F)\) to \(P((C’,J’);FT)\) is defined. Moreover, for a natural transformation t from F to another set valued functor \(F’\) defined on \(C\), we can define a functor from \(P((C,J);F)\) to \(P((C,J);F’)\). We will examine some properties of these functors. 


François Ziegler (Georgia Southern University)
When: Friday May 10th, 2024 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link, Slides
Title: Frobenius reciprocity: symplectic, prequantum, diffeological.
Abstract: Past work with T. Ratiu (arXiv:2007.09434) established “Frobenius reciprocity” as a bijection \(t\) between certain symplectically reduced spaces, which need not be manifolds. We conjectured that \(t\) is a diffeomorphism when these spaces are endowed with their natural subquotient diffeologies, and that \(t\) respects the reduced diffeological 2-forms they may carry. In the present work, joint with \(G\). Barbieri and J. Watts (arXiv:2403.03927), we prove both this conjecture and a similar one on prequantum reduction. Moreover, we give new sufficient conditions for the reduced forms to exist: it is enough that the \(G\)-action be strict, or locally free, or proper. Thus in the latter case, we find that the Sjamaar-Lerman-Bates 2-forms on strata of a ‘stratified reduced space’ \(X//G\) are restrictions of a global diffeological 2-form on \(X//G\).


Jordan Watts (Central Michigan University)
When: Friday April 12th, 2024 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link, Slides
Title: When is a Symplectic Quotient a Diffeological Orbifold?
Abstract: This talk will essentially be my rambling about things I’ve been thinking about lately.  I will start off with a brief introduction to Lie groupoids, and pay particular attention to their orbit spaces.  There is a functor from Lie groupoids to diffeological spaces sending a Lie groupoid to its orbit space, and this is “essentially injective” on effective orbifolds (viewed as Lie groupoids) onto (effective) diffeological orbifolds.  I will explain what this means.  I will then introduce the category of Sikorski spaces, and show that there is a functor from diffeological spaces to Sikorski spaces; moreover, when composed with the previous functor from effective orbifolds, we again obtain an “essentially injective” functor onto “Sikorski orbifolds”.   These Sikorski orbifolds often show up as symplectic quotients at critical values of momentum maps (which is somewhat unexpected), and have been studied by several people.  This leads me to the following question: when are these symplectic quotients diffeological orbifolds?


Paolo Giordano (University of Vienna)
When: Thursday December 21, 2023 at 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: How to deal with continuous functions as if they were smooth: generalized smooth functions.
Abstract: The need to describe abrupt changes or response of nonlinear systems to impulsive stimuli is ubiquitous in applications. But also within mathematics, L. Hormander stated: “In differential calculus one encounters immediately the unpleasant fact that not every function is differentiable. The purpose of distribution theory is to remedy this flaw; indeed, the space of distributions is essentially the smallest extension of the space of continuous functions where differentiability is always well defined”. We first describe the universal property of the space of distributions, but then we underscore the main deficiencies of this theory: we cannot evaluate a distribution at a point, we cannot make non-linear operations, let alone composition, we do not have a good integration theory, etc. We then present generalized smooth functions (GSF) theory, a nonlinear theory of generalized function (GF) as used by physicists and engineers, where GF are ordinary set-theoretical maps defined on and taking values in a non-Archimedean ring extending the real field (this problem has been faced e.g. by: Schwartz, Lojasiewicz, Laugwitz, Schmieden, Egorov, Robinson, Colombeau, Rosinger, Levi-Civita, Keisler, Connes, etc.). GSF are closed with respect to composition so that nonlinear operations are possible; these operations coincide with the usual ones for smooth functions; all classical theorems of differential and integral calculus hold; we have several types of sheaf properties, and GSF indeed form a Grothendieck topos; we have a full theory of ODE, and general existence theorems for nonlinear singular PDE, e.g. the Picard-Lindelof theorem for PDE; every Cauchy problem with a smooth PDE is Hadamard well-posed; we can generalize the classical Fourier method also to non tempered GF (this problem has been faced e.g. by Gel’fand, Sobolev); we have several applications in the calculus of variation with singular Lagrangians, elastoplasticity, general relativity, quantum mechanics, singular optics, impact mechanics (this problem has been faced by J. Marsden). We close by presenting ideas about how to apply GSF theory to have GF in diffeological spaces and hence to make homotopy theory where continuous functions can be treated as smooth functions.


David Miyamoto (Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik)
When: Wednesday November 15, 2023 at 11:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Leaf spaces of Killing foliations.
Abstract: A Riemannian foliation is a foliation for which any two leaves are locally equidistant. By the Reeb stability theorem, every leaf space of a Riemannian foliation with compact leaves is an orbifold. We prove that, under mild completeness assumptions, the leaf space of a Killing Riemannian foliation is a diffeological quasifold: it is locally diffeomorphic to quotients of Cartesian space by countable group acting affinely. Such foliations include Riemannian foliations of simply connected manifolds, and those induced by connected isometric group actions. Furthermore, we show that the honolomy groupoid of a Killing foliation is, locally, Morita equivalent to the action groupoids of the aforementioned actions. This is joint work with Yi Lin.. 


Hugo Cattarucci Botós (Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik)
When: Friday, July 19, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Orbifolds and orbibundles in complex hyperbolic geometry.
Abstract:  This talk explores diffeology in the study of orbibundles, the natural generalization of fiber bundles over manifolds to the context of orbifolds, and its applications to complex hyperbolic geometry, following the preprint ”Orbifolds and orbibundles in complex hyperbolic geometry” by H. Botós. 

In their paper titled ”Orbifolds as Diffeologies”, P. Iglesias, Y. Karshon, and M. Zadka approach orbifolds from a diffeological perspective. We use diffeology to provide a geometric framework for orbibundles and orbifold covering maps. The introduction of principal and vector orbibundles is discussed as well. This framework is then applied to study circle and disc orbibundles over 2-orbifolds (because, in the study of 4-manifolds, these objects are of interest), and we introduce the notion of Euler number for these orbibundles. Additionally, for good orbibundles, the Chern-Weil approach is provided to calculate the Euler number for vector orbibundles of rank 2. 

We examine the extension of several classical results in complex hyperbolic geometry to the context of orbifolds.


Alireza Ahmadi (Yazd University, Iran)
When: Friday, Jun 14, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Čech Cohomology in Diffeology from Another Perspective.
Abstract:  Čech cohomology provides a way to get more global information from local data. I discuss the Čech technique to study problems in which data are given over covering generating families. Besides the existing ones, I suggest a new Čech cohomology for diffeological spaces with coefficients in a (pre)sheaf, explore its key properties, and describe some of its applications


Katsuhiko Kuribayashi (Shinshu University, Japan)
When: Wednesday, May 17, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: On the cohomology algebras of the free loop space of the real projective space and its diffeological version.
Abstract:  introduce a spectral sequence converging to the cohomology algebra of the classifying space of a category internal to the category of topological spaces. By applying the machinery to a Borel construction, we determine explicitly the rational cohomology algebra of the free loop space of the real projective space. Moreover, we try to represent generators in the singular de Rham cohomology algebra of the diffeological free loop space of a non-simply connected manifold \(M\) with differential forms on the universal cover of \(M\) via Chen’s iterated integral map.


Norio Iwase (Kyushu University, Japan)
When: Wednesday, April 19, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Concatenations and reflexivity.
Abstract: (This talk is partly a joint work with Yuki Kojima)
Part 1: we show the path space of all smooth paths, which is stable outside \((0,1)\), can be realised as a function space from a diffeological space \(I\) of dimension 1.  We then introduce two versions of concatenations on the path space, a usual one and a “stable” one.  On a reflexive diffeological space, the usual concatenation is smooth.
Part 2: We first introduce a notion of a \(q\)-cubic set and cubic complex.  Using the diffeology on \(I\), we define a diffeology on a \(q\)-cubic set which is of diffeological dimension \(q\).  Then we obtain a diffeological realisation of a finite cubic complex.  This enables us to define a smooth \(A_\infty\) structure on the path space introduced in Part 1.
Part 3: we introduce a version of smooth CW complex called a fat smooth CW complex, including all manifolds of finite dimension.  A “regular” smooth CW complex is shown to be reflexive.


Jim Stasheff (University of North Carolina, USA)
When: Friday March 17, 2023 — 13:00 GMT.
Where: Webex link
Title: How I became a so-called \(\textit{cohomological physicist}\).
Abstract: This is a mini-mathematical-autobigraphy with emphasis on those who have most influenced my mathematical career and whence came the accidental flashes of insight that drew me.


Yael Karshon (Tel-Aviv University and Univ. of Toronto)
When: Friday February 3, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Smooth maps on convex sets
Abstract: There are several notions of a smooth map from a convex set to a cartesian space. Some of these notions coincide, but not all of them do. We construct a real-valued function on a convex subset of the plane that does not extend to a smooth function on any open neighbourhood of the convex set, but that for each \(k\) extends to a \(C^k\) function on an open neighbourhood of the convex set. It follows that the diffeological and Sikorski notions of smoothness on convex sets do not coincide. We show that, for a convex set that is locally closed, these notions do coincide. With the diffeological notion of smoothness for convex sets, we then show that the category of diffeological spaces is isomorphic to the category of so-called exhaustive Chen spaces. This is joint work with Jordan Watts.


Dmitri Pavlov (Texas Tech. University)
When: Friday January 6, 2023 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: The smooth Oka principle and model structures on diffeological spaces and smooth sets
Abstract: I will explain why the category of diffeological spaces does not admit a model structure transferred via the smooth singular complex functor from simplicial sets, resolving in the negative a conjecture of Christensen and Wu. Embedding diffeological spaces into sheaves of sets (not necessarily concrete) on the site of smooth manifolds, I will then prove the existence of a proper combinatorial model structure on such sheaves transferred via the smooth singular complex functor from simplicial sets. I will show the resulting model category to be Quillen equivalent to the model category of simplicial sets. The resulting model structure is cartesian, all smooth manifolds are cofibrant, and categories of algebras over operads admit model structures. I will use these results to establish analogous model structures on simplicial presheaves on smooth manifolds, as well as presheaves valued in left proper combinatorial model categories, and prove a generalization of the smooth Oka principle established in arXiv:1912.10544. I will apply the Oka principle to establish classification theorems for differential-geometric objects like closed differential forms, principal bundles with connection, and higher bundle gerbes with connection on arbitrary cofibrant diffeological spaces. No knowledge of model categories will be assumed or required in the talk.


Luigi Alfonsi (University of Hertfordshire)
When: Friday December 2, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Classical BFV-BV theory as derived n-plectic geometry
Abstract: In this talk I will show that a classical BFV-BV theory can be reformulated in terms of derived n-plectic geometry on the derived smooth space of solutions of the Euler-Lagrange equations. In analogy with its ordinary counterpart, a derived n-plectic structure is a proposed generalisation of a derived symplectic structure where a derived closed 2-form is replaced by a derived closed (n+1)-form. In particular, I will be interested in derived n-plectic spaces which are smooth: for this reason, I will consider n-plectic structures on certain derived enhancements of ordinary diffeological spaces. I will argue that this derived n-plectic geometry is to BFV-BV theory as ordinary n-plectic geometry is to ordinary Lagrangian field theory.


Urs Schreiber (New York University, Abu Dhabi)
When: Friday November 4, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Twisted equivariant differential (TED) K-theory via diffeological stacks
Abstract: Twisted equivariant K-theory turns out to have a neat, transparent formulation in terms of diffeological stacks, which naturally lends itself to differential refinement. The talk gives an exposition of the main constructions and a brief indication of a remarkably rich application to the quantum physics of “anyons” and its role in topological quantum computation.


Severin Bunk (University of Oxford)
When: Thursday October 6, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: On homotopy types of smooth spaces
Abstract: There are several ways of associating a homotopy type to a diffeological space, such as via the diffeological topology or via the smooth singular complex. Kihara has shown that these are equivalent and embedded them into a model categorical framework. In this talk I will examine the smooth singular complex further, showing that it extends beyond the realm of diffeological spaces, to simplicial presheaves. I will explain that this induces another, equivalent, homotopy theory of smooth spaces and, if time permits, discuss examples.


Philip Saville (University of Cambridge)
When: Thursday September 1, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link / Slides
Title: Diffeological spaces as a model for differentiable programs: a tutorial
Abstract: In programming language theory, the field of _semantics_ answers questions such as ‘when can two programs be considered equivalent?’ or ‘how does adding richer features affect which programs are expressible?’ by looking at the “meaning” of programs. This can be done in two broad ways, corresponding to the difference between syntax and semantics in logic. Operational semantics uses the relation generated by the steps a program makes while running. Denotational semantics, meanwhile, assigns a mathematical “denotation” to each program and uses the resulting mathematical model to compare programs. Such models make precise our intuition that a program is a special kind of function (more generally: morphism in a category) taking input values to output values. 
_Differentiable_ programming languages have recently been of increasing importance in scientific computing and machine learning. To study such languages, several authors have used diffeological spaces as a denotational model. In this talk I will introduce the key ideas of denotational semantics, explain how diffeological spaces come into the picture, and point to recent constructions and applications which are denotationally natural but which may be unusual to specialists in diffeological spaces. No prior knowledge of programming or programming language theory will be assumed.


Open bar
When: Thursday August 18, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Abstract: We invite everyone who wants to share questions, problems, comments in a special seance of open discussion.


Elisa Prato (University of Florence)
When: Thursday July 7, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Symplectic toric quasifolds
Abstract: The Delzant construction assigns a symplectic toric manifold to each smooth convex polytope. If the polytope is simple and rational, but not smooth, the Delzant construction yields symplectic toric orbifolds. Symplectic toric quasifolds, on the other hand, were introduced in order to extend this construction to any simple convex polytope. If the polytopes are nonrational, these spaces are highly singular, but still retain a lot of the properties of their smooth/orbifold counterparts. In particular, they possess a beautiful atlas, whose charts are given by quotients of open subsets of \({\bf R}^{2n}\) modulo the action of countable subgroups of the standard torus \(T^n\). In this talk, we begin by recalling the Delzant construction. We then outline the extension of this construction to the nonrational case. We discuss several examples and, if time allows, we describe the symplectic reduction and the symplectic cutting operations in this setting.


Konrad Waldorf (University of Greifswald)
When: Thursday June 2, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link / Slides
Title: Diffeology as an extension of topology by geometry
Abstract: I will review the functors from manifolds to diffeological spaces, and 
from diffeological spaces to topological spaces, and describe the 
importance of these transitions for applications of diffeology. I will 
then talk about Grothendieck topologies on all three categories, and 
about the interaction between stacks on manifolds, on diffeological 
spaces, and on topological spaces.


Hiroshi Kihara (University of AIZU)
When: Thursday May 12, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: \(C^\infty-\)manifolds with skeletal diffeology
Abstract: We formulate and study the notion of \(d\)-skeletal diffeology, which generalizes that of wire diffeology, introducing the dual notion of \(d\)-coskeletal diffeology. We first show that paracompact finite-dimensional \(C^\infty-\)manidolds \(M_d\) with skeletal diffeology inherit good topologies and smooth paracompactness from \(M\). We then study the pathology of \(M_d\). Above all, we prove the following: For \(d<{\rm dim}\ M\), every immersion \(f:M\longrightarrow N\) is isolated in the diffeological mapping space between \(M_d\) and \(N_d\) and the \(d\)-dimensional smooth homotopy group of \(M_d\) is uncountable.


Emilio Minichiello (CUNY Graduate Center)
When: Thursday April 7th, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Diffeological Principal Bundles and Principal Infinity Bundles
Abstract: This talk will discuss my paper on the arxiv of the same name. In particular, I will explain how to think about diffeological spaces as sheaves, and in particular simplicial presheaves. The category of simplicial presheaves over cartesian spaces has a model structure, and cofibrantly replacing a diffeological space in this model structure reproduces a construction by Iglesias-Zemmour. Using this cofibrant replacement we can show that if G is a diffeological group, then G-principal infinity bundles as defined by Schreiber et al on a diffeological space X coincide with diffeological principal G-bundles over X as they are normally defined in diffeology. Using this I will discuss how this allows us to connect the framework of higher generalized smooth spaces (higher topos theory over cartesian spaces) with “classical” constructions in diffeology. One such result of this connection shows that the Cech cohomology of a diffeological space defined automatically by higher topos theory coincides with Iglesias-Zemmour’s Cech cohomology.


Serap Gürer (Galatasaray University)
When: Thursday March 17th, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Orbifolds as Stratified Diffeologies
Abstract: Every diffeological space is naturally stratified by the action of its diffeomorphisms: the Klein Stratification. I will describe this stratification for (diffeological) orbifolds in the general context of formal and geometric stratifications in diffeology.


Jean-Pierre Magnot (Anger University)
When: Thursday February 17th, 2022 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Topics on (pseudo-)differential operators for diffeologists
Abstract: In this talk, I will present for diffeologists, who are a priori non-specialists of pseudo-differential operators, renormalization and integrable systems, specific features in these topics where diffeologies impose their useful presence.


Hong Van Le (Czech Academy of Sciences)
When: Thursday January 13th, 2022 — 12:30 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Diffeological   statistical models  and    Machine  Learning
Abstract: In Machine Learning we develop mathematical methods for modeling data structures, which express the dependency between observables, and design efficient learning algorithms for estimation of such dependency. The most advanced part of Machine Learning is statistical learning theory that takes into account our incomplete information of observables, using probability theory, or preferably, using measure theory and functional analysis. In this way we not only unveil hidden structure of data but also make a prediction for the future. In my lecture I shall consider some important problems in statistical learning theory and demonstrate the efficiency of categorical language, manifested, in particular, in terms of probabilistic morphisms, and the use of natural geometric constructions, e..g. diffeological Fisher metric, in solving these problems.


Ralph Twun (University of Legon, Ghana)
When: Thursday December 2nd, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Diffeologial categories and induced representations
Abstract: In this talk I will discuss the properties of the category of Diffeological Spaces which make it suitable as an enriching category. Using the concepts of indexed colimits and their relation to Kan extensions, I will discuss induced representations for diffeological groups and related ideas.


Jordan Watts (Central Michigan University)
When: Thursday November 4th, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Sheaves for Diffeological Spaces.
Abstract: We will define sheaves for diffeological spaces and give a construction of their Čech cohomology.  As an application, given an abelian diffeological group \(G\), we will show that the first degree Čech cohomology classes for the sheaf of smooth \(G\)-valued functioned classify diffeological principal \(G\)-bundles..


Patrick Iglesias-Zemmour (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
When: Thursday October 7th, 2021.
Where: Zoom link / paper / Slides
Title: Why irrational tori are important…
Abstract: I will comment two constructions / theorems in symplectic diffeology that exist only because diffeology gives us a non trivial access to quotients of the type \({\bf R}/\Gamma\), where \(\Gamma\) is any subgroup. In particular, I will show how “Every symplectic manifold is a (linear) coadjoint orbit”. In other words: coadjoint orbits are the universal model of symplectic manifolds / Slides…


David Miyamoto (Toronto University, Canada)
When: Thursday September 2nd, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: The basic forms of a singular foliation.
Abstract: A singular foliation F gives a partition of a manifold M into leaves whose dimension may vary. Associated to a singular foliation are two complexes, that of the diffeological differential forms on the leaf space M/F, and that of the basic differential forms on M. We prove the pullback by the quotient map provides an isomorphism of these complexes in the following cases:
– when F is a regular foliation,
– when points in the leaves of the same dimension assemble into an embedded (more generally, diffeological) submanifold of,
– and, as a special case of the latter, when F is induced by a linearizable Lie groupoid.


Enxin Wu (Shantou University, China)
When: Thursday July 8th, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Diffeological vector spaces.
Abstract: Diffeological vector spaces appear in various places in diffeology. In this talk, I will give a detailed discussion of many important classes of them. Many open questions will be posted.


Katsuhiko Kuribayashi (Shinshu University, Japan),
When: Thursday June 3rd, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link, Slides
Title: A singular de Rham algebra and spectral sequences in diffeology.
Abstract: In this talk, I will introduce a singular de Rham algebra under which 
the de Rham theorem holds for every diffeological space.
The Leray-Serre spectral sequence and the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence 
are also discussed in diffeology.


Norio Iwase (Kyushu University, Japan)
When: Thursday May 6th, 2021 — 12:00 GMT.
Where: Zoom link
Title: Whitney Approximation sor Smooth CW Complexes.
Abstract: In this talk, we introduce a notion of smooth CW complex using disks, while we know there are different definitions using cubes or simplexes instead of disks. It is a kind of future work for us to clarify the relationship among them. With our definition of a smooth CW complex, we show Whitney Approximation for smooth CW complex, which enables us to obtain that any continuous CW complex is continuously homotopy equivalent to a smooth CW complex.

We observe also that a smooth CW complex has enough many functions, i.e. it has an open base of the form \(\phi^{-1}(]0,1[)\). Furthermore, it follows that, for any D-open covering of a smooth CW complex, there exists a partition of unity subordinate to the covering.


Patrick Iglesias-Zemmour (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
When: Thursday April 1st, 2021 — 1PM GMT.
Where: Zoom link / Lecture Notes
Title: Orbifolds, Quasifolds as Diffeologies and C*-algebras.
Abstract: I will show how to associate to these special diffeological spaces that are orbifolds, and more generally quasifolds, a C*-algebra in a functorial way, in which diffeomorphisms translate into Morita equivalences.